Understanding Ovarian Cysts: Causes and Symptoms

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are one of the common health conditions that a lot of women experience at some point in their lives. These little fluid-filled sacs tend to pop up in the ovaries, but the good news is that they’re usually harmless and can often clear up on their own in a few weeks. The best part is, they don’t usually mess with a woman’s fertility.

What Exactly Are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts fall into two primary categories: Functional Ovarian cysts and Pathological ovarian cysts. The former are linked to the menstrual cycle, while the latter result from abnormal cell growth. Diagnosis usually involves a pelvic exam or ultrasound. While most of these cysts are benign, they can sometimes lead to complications, making timely examination advisable.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Now let’s talk about Ovarian Cyst Symptoms. In many cases, ovarian cysts go unnoticed, allowing women to continue their daily routines without disruption. However, some individuals may experience discomforting symptoms that vary in severity. Here are common ovarian cyst symptoms to be aware of:

  1. Pelvic Pain: Ovarian cysts can cause anything from mild to severe and sharp pelvic pain.
  2. Discomfort During Intercourse: Some women may encounter discomfort or pain during sexual activity.
  3. Increased Urinary Urgency: A frequent urge to urinate can occur.
  4. Bowel Irregularities: Constipation or slowed bowel movements may happen.
  5. Menstrual Cycle Changes: This can manifest as irregular, heavy, or lighter periods.
  6. Abdominal Fullness: A sensation of fullness even after eating very little.
  7. Abdominal Bloating and Swelling: The abdomen may appear bloated and swollen.
  8. Fertility Challenges: In rare cases, ovarian cysts might affect fertility.
  9. Fever: Infections within the cyst can lead to fever.
  10. Unexplained Bleeding: Ovarian cysts may cause unexplained bleeding.

While most ovarian cysts resolve spontaneously, surgical removal may be necessary in certain situations. Doctors typically conduct diagnostic tests to assess the severity of the condition and rule out underlying complications before determining the appropriate treatment.

When to Seek Medical Attention for Ovarian Cyst Surgery

Although ovarian cysts are generally benign and do not impact fertility, they can occasionally produce alarming symptoms necessitating immediate medical attention. Seek prompt medical help if you experience:

  1. Sudden, Severe Abdominal or Pelvic Pain: If the pain doesn’t subside.
  2. Signs of Shock: Cold, clammy skin, rapid breathing, and lightheadedness.
  3. Fever and Vomiting: Especially if pain is unmanageable.

Causes of Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are common among women with regular menstruation and are also observed in women who have undergone menopause. Functional and Pathological ovarian cysts have different causes:

Functional Ovarian Cyst Causes

These cysts primarily affect premenopausal women due to their connection to the menstrual cycle. They form when a follicle containing an egg fails to release or discharge its fluid, causing it to swell. Generally, these cysts are not a major concern and often resolve without treatment.

Causes of Pathological Ovarian Cyst

Pathological ovarian cysts result from abnormal cell growth and are unrelated to the menstrual cycle. These cysts can arise from the cells responsible for egg production or the outer covering of the ovary. They may swell or rupture, potentially affecting blood supply to the ovaries. Pathological cysts can be benign, malignant, or borderline and may occur before or after menopause.

Additional factors, such as certain medical conditions like endometriosis and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), can also contribute to ovarian cyst formation.

Risk Factors for Ovarian Cysts

Several factors can increase the risk of developing ovarian cysts, including:

  1. Hormonal Imbalances
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Endometriosis
  4. Serious Pelvic Infections
  5. Previous History of Ovarian Cysts

If you’re experiencing symptoms related to ovarian cysts, don’t worry. Contact experienced doctors at Stonexperts for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. You can reach us directly or fill out our website form to schedule an appointment today.


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